Discussion about Environmental Ecosystem Management

Ecosystem management is an approach to natural resources coordination  that aims to ensure the long period sustainability and persistence of an ecosystems function  while meeting socioeconomic, political, and cultural necessities.

The Ecosystem Approach  is an ecological method for an  integrated management of land,  living resources and water  that promotes conservation and sustainable use in an equitable process . Actualization  of the ecosystem approach is thought that will help to reach a balance of the terms  of the Convention of Biological Diversity. The ecosystem approach has become from its inception the guiding circumstances  for integrated management to the Mediterranean Action Plan of the United Nations Environment Programme (MAP/UNEP, called Barcelona Convention), especially for policy implementations and all future conservation developments with an ultimate terms  of achieving the Good Environmental Status  of the Mediterranean Sea and Coast. The implementation highlights  on 11 ecological objectives, such as: maintain and enhance biodiversity, restriction of non-indigenous species, biologically safe limits of fish and shellfish, accumulate  marine food webs, prevent eutrophication, safeguard sea-floor integrity, maintain hydrographic conditions for coastal and marine ecosystems, preserve natural dynamics of coastal areas and their ecosystems, restrict environmental pollution influencing  marine ecosystems and human health, measures for decreasing marine litter, reduce noise from human activities. In general, the EcAp has the main goal to promote conservation and sustainable development with basic ecological practices and reduction of environmental pollution from anthropogenic activities in areas which are fragile  sensitive ecological systems.

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